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Beginning Bible Studies (15 Lessons)
Lesson 7 – Jesus Christ, the Savior
The greatest person who has ever lived is Jesus Christ. Jesus is the Son of God. The entire Bible tells about Jesus. The Old Testament has many prophecies of His coming. The first four books of the New Testament (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) tell of His birth, ministry, death, and resurrection from the dead. The rest of the New Testament books tell about (1) His church; (2) His death for our sins; (3) His second coming to judge the world.
PROPHECIES OF JESUS
Jesus died for the sins of mankind. God had planned this from the beginning. Genesis 3:15 is the first prophecy of the death of Jesus for sins:
And I [God] will put enmity between thee [the serpent, called the devil] and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed [Jesus Christ]; he [Jesus] shall bruise thy [the devil’s] head, and thou [the devil] shalt bruise his [Jesus’] heel (Genesis 3:15).
Jesus is the seed of woman. He bruised the head of Satan when He died on the cross as a sacrifice for sins. There are hundreds of other prophecies about Jesus in the Old Testament. We can find these prophecies fulfilled in the New Testament.
THE BIRTH OF JESUS
Jesus was born in Bethlehem. His mother, Mary, was a virgin. She had conceived Jesus in her womb before she married Joseph. She did not become pregnant by any man. She conceived Him by the Holy Spirit. Jesus had no human father, for He was the Son of God. This was according to what an angel had told Mary.
And behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a Son, and shalt call His name Jesus. Then Mary said unto the angel, “How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?”And the angel answered and said unto her, “The Holy Spirit shall come upon thee, and the power of the Most High shall overshadow thee; wherefore also the holy thing which is begotten shall be called the Son of God” (Luke 1:31,34,35).
THE MINISTRY OF JESUS
The Bible does not tell us much about the early years of Jesus’ life. It tells us that “Jesus advanced in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men” (Luke 2:52).
At the age of 30, Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist. After His baptism, Jesus went into the desert. At the end of forty days, Satan came and tempted Him. Jesus was the Son of God, He was also the son of Mary. Therefore, He was both human and divine. Since He was human, He was tempted in every way as we are.
For we have not a high priest that cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but one that hath been in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin (Hebrews 4:15).
Then Jesus began preaching. “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe in the gospel” (Mark 1:15). Jesus preached the kingdom of God. He also worked many miracles. His miracles prove that God had sent Him. He healed the sick and cast out evil spirits (Mark 1:34,35), restored sight to the blind (Mark 10:46-52), fed the hungry (Mark 6:34-44), and raised the dead (Luke 7:11-16; John 11).
THE DEATH OF JESUS
Jesus preached for three years. Then He went to Jerusalem to attend the feast of the Passover. The religious leaders of Israel were jealous of Jesus. They wanted to kill Him. Jesus also knew that He must die as a sacrifice for the sins of the whole world. He knew that the time had now come for Him to die. He had tried to prepare His disciples for His death.
From that time began Jesus to show unto his disciples, that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and the third day be raised up (Matthew 16:21).
Jesus ate the Passover with His apostles. Then He went into the Garden of Gethsemane where He prayed. About midnight, the soldiers came to arrest Him. Jesus was taken before the high priest. Later, He was condemned by the Jewish Council. They sent Him to Pilate, the governor, for sentence. Pilate knew that Jesus was innocent. He wanted to free Him, but feared he might displease the people. Therefore, he had Jesus beaten and crucified.
Crucifixion was a slow, painful death. Jesus’ hands were nailed to the cross. He hung on the cross while people mocked and insulted Him. After about six hours, He died. Two of Jesus’ disciples took His body down from the cross. On Friday evening, they buried the body of Jesus.
THE RESURRECTION OF JESUS
Early on Sunday morning, the first day of the week, Jesus arose from the dead. The Apostle Paul wrote years later about the resurrection of Jesus.
For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received: how that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures (1 Corinthians 15:3,4).
Jesus has power even over death. He will one day raise from the dead those who believe in Him.
Jesus Christ died for you. He was raised for you. You can have eternal life by believing in Him. Have you accepted Christ as your Saviour by obeying the gospel?